How Is Parenteral Nutrition Administered?

How Is Parenteral Nutrition Administered?

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN), also known as intravenous or IV nutrition feeding, is a method of getting nutrition into the body through the veins. Receiving TPN allows an individual to obtain nutrition using a route other than the digestive tract. TPN is ordered for patients who may have trouble swallowing, have difficulty moving food through the digestive tract, or who are not absorbing nutrients from food. It provides liquid nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes.

Parenteral nutrition is administered through a bag that contains necessary nutrients through tubing attached to a needle or catheter. A nurse or other healthcare provider typically places the catheter in a vein in the chest. He or she may also set a port, such as a needleless access port, which makes TPN easier.

With the help of in-home nursing care services, most intravenous feedings can be accomplished at home. A catheter or port can stay in place for an extended time if needed. Using home parenteral nutrition may be a temporary solution until an individual can tube feed or eat food again. In other cases, it may be the primary form of nutrition indefinitely for an individual.

As a general guideline, a patient should check nutrient bags first for floating particles or discoloration. If it is clear, then the patient can insert tubing into the bag and attach the tubing to the intravenous catheter or port as designated by the healthcare provider. The bag and tubing should be left in place for most or all of the day. Afterward, the patient can remove the nutrient bag and tubing. Each patient’s healthcare provider will provide detailed instructions for the procedure. A professional home care provider can ensure proper demonstration at home.

For more inquiries on intravenous feeding at home, contact Passionate Private Duty. We have a team of compassionate and trained registered nurses who provide nursing care and home care services in Pingree Grove, Illinois as well as surrounding communities.

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